Knee Arthroscopic Surgery
Arthroscopy (ahr-THROS-skuh-pee) is a special procedure for diagnosing and treating a wide range of joint problems. This minimally invasive knee surgery is a popular method used to examine and perform surgery using a small fiber-optic video camera, called an arthroscope. This camera, attached to a scope, allows surgeons to see inside the knee without making a large incision. Knee arthroscopy is generally done on an outpatient basis and typically has a short recovery period.
Anatomy of the Knee
Your knee is the largest and most complex joint in your body. It is responsible for providing movement and stability for your whole body.
The knee joint is formed where the lower end of the femur (thigh bone) connects with the upper end of the tibia (shinbone). On the front of the joint is the patella (kneecap).
Other important structures that make up the knee joint include:
- Articular cartilage
- Ligaments, tendons and muscles
Because the structures of the knee are so hardworking, they see a lot of stress. Over time, this stress can cause any of these areas to breakdown, causing knee pain and leaving the knee vulnerable to injury.
When Knee Arthroscopy is Recommended
If you are experiencing knee pain, and it has not responded to nonsurgical treatment, your orthopedic specialist may recommend that you undergo a knee arthroscopy. Nonsurgical treatment often includes rest, physical therapy, and medication or injections that treat inflammation.
Common arthroscopic procedures for the knee include:
- Ligament reconstruction
- Meniscus removal or repair
- Trimming of damaged articular cartilage
- Treatment of kneecap (patella) problems
- Treatment of infection (knee sepsis)
- Removal or inflamed tissue (synovium)
The ultimate goal of the orthopedic surgeon is to fix or improve your problem in the most minimally invasive way possible--and arthroscopy offers the ability to do so. The SROSM orthopedic surgeons are experts in arthroscopy and the latest techniques. They will talk through your treatment options.
To speak with an SROSM knee specialist, make an appointment at the location closest to you in Spring or The Woodlands.